Epigram https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram <p><span style="font-size: 12px;">Epigram is a scientific journal that publishes research results related to the study and development of the humanities. The journal is open to the scientific community and is published regularly twice a year (April and October).<br />Epigram publishes research articles that have never been published by other scientific journals. Epigram accepts original research articles in the fields of linguistics, social science, culture, and education.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 12px;">Epigram is published by Politeknik Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia. <br /><span style="font-size: 12px;"><strong><span style="font-size: 12px;">Articel template: <a title="Template Author" href="https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1xYNseB5ycBM30tHE73aE9WJi341iFaUR?usp=sharing" target="_blank" rel="noopener">download here</a></span></strong></span><br /><span style="font-size: 12px;"><strong><span style="font-size: 12px;">Author guidelines:</span></strong> <a href="https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1oz3XuCAo1bNt8OYDRY42-QJhcPp0XgLo?usp=sharing" target="_blank" rel="noopener">download here</a></span></span></p> en-US epigram@pnj.ac.id (Dr. Dra. Eri Ester Khairas, M.Hum) epigram@pnj.ac.id (Epigram Team Support) Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 INTERACTIONAL SOCIOLINGUISTICS IN CASUAL CONVERSATION OF GRADUATE STUDENT IN EFL CONTEXT: A PRAGMATICS STUDY https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/3750 <p>Communicating to others towards text which is as the result of discourse is everyone need. In producing text, there are some factors affected. Context which is one important influential factor needs to be analyzed. On the other hand, conversation as a media of exchanging meaning among the speakers are done in order to fulfill speaker aim. Pragmatics that learns meaning is seen as the best media to learn meaning produced by both speakers related to the context. By using interactional sociolinguistics, as a part of conversation analysis in pragmatics, this approach takes pragmatic and sociolinguistics aspects of interaction, as well as adjacency pairs, turn-taking and sequences, giving importance to the way that language is situated in particular circumstances in social life. Based on the analysis done, it maps out that interactional talk claiming common ground with vague reference as a marker of both speaker friendship.</p> <p>Key words: Interactional Sociolinguitics, Casual Conversation, EFL</p> Betari Irma Ghasani Copyright (c) 2021 Epigram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/3750 Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700 PEMANFAATAN PARUH WAKTU MASYARAKAT PESISIR PADA MUSIM CUMI-CUMI DI KAMPUNG BINEBAS KECAMATAN TABUKAN SELATAN KABUPATEN KEPULAUAN SANGIHE https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/3802 <p>The squid fishery is one of the potential non-fish resources that has important economic value. Binebas village is the administrative area of the South Tabukan District. This study aims to look at part-time activities of coastal communities in utilizing the squid catching season. This research was conducted in September - October 2020 in Binebas Village, South Tabukan District, Sangihe Islands Regency, North Sulawesi Province. The method used in this research was qualitative and quantitative methods (mix methods). The coastal communities, not only fishermen, teachers, government employees, but farmers, in Binebas Village took many advantages from the squid catching season. The traditional fishing gear used to catch squid was a squid fishing rod, Binebas village’s people called it as Bawulu. The average catch per trip was around 300 squids. Some of the catches were sold, others were distributed to neighbors. The selling price of squids was 5-7 tails of IDR 20,000. Small size 10-15 fish was around IDR 20,000, -. Moreover, the sales proceeds obtained per trip were IDR 800,000 - IDR 1,000,000.</p> Costantein Imanuel Sarapil, Eunike Irene Kumaseh, Raemon, Ganjar Ndaru Ikhtiagung, Erlin Puspaputri, Ishak Bawias, Rivaldi Tatuu Copyright (c) 2021 Epigram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/3802 Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700 TINDAK TUTUR PENGGUNAAN BAHASA HIPNOTIS: KAJIAN PRAGMATIK https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4128 <p>This study aims to describe speech acts using hypnotic language in terms of pragmatics by using Grice's cooperative maxims, namely maxims of quantity, maxims of quality, maxims of relevance, and maxims of implementation. The method used in this study is a qualitative method that produces descriptive data and note-taking techniques. The source of data in this study was the conversation of the hypnotized and hypnotized speakers. The data examined in the study were oral hypnotic utterances that had been transcribed in written form. The data are successively identified, classified, and described based on pragmatic theory. Techniques Data analysis is carried out using the principle of cooperation which consists of maxim of quality, maxim of quantity, maxim of relevance and maxim of implementation. The results of this study indicate that hypnotic speech uses maxim of quantity more often than other maxims. The maxim of quantity requires each participant to contribute as much or as much speech as needed by the interlocutor, this is related to the hypnosis used is the subject's subconscious so that there are imperative sentences, namely commands, then there is an if-then pattern. The subject of hypnosis: will say a sentence that he thinks there is logic in the sentence. Basically, the use of hypnotic language implements Grice's principle of cooperation between the hypnostist and the hypnotic subject.</p> Indah Afrianti, Sri Asmiatiningsih Copyright (c) 2021 Epigram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4128 Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700 A NEEDS ANALYSIS ON STAKEHOLDERS AND ELT STUDENTS TO DEVELOP ENGLISH FOR TOURISM COURSE MATERIAL https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4137 <p>This study investigates the needs of tourism stakeholders and students of the English Education Department to develop the English for Tourism (EFT) course material. The participants were ten hotel managers, five travel agents, and 86 second-semester students of the English Education Department. This descriptive quantitative study employed a questionnaire as the primary tool to gather the data adapted from Puspitasari (2018) and Ratmanida et al. (2020). The data then were analyzed using the formula of percentage and mean range table to determine the level of needs from the responses. The results indicated that the stakeholders and students agreed that speaking (100%) and writing (90%) were the most needed English skills to acquire. Then, in terms of the EFT topics, the participants responded to the topics that were relevant with their needs or fields. However, specifically, they seemed to have the same opinions and needs for the hotelier topics and some relevant expressions. In short, the results are expected to be beneficial for the EFT course designers to design suitable, directed, and valuable materials for students to help them be skillful and knowledgeable in the tourism industry.</p> Eka Fajar Rahmani, Iwan Supardi Copyright (c) 2021 Epigram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4137 Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700 REDUPLIKASI BERBAHASA INDONESIA DALAM LIRIK LAGU JAWA KONTEMPORER https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/3928 <p>Along with the times, new musical genres are present in contemporary Javanese songs, including campursari, dangdut koplo, and hip hop. In addition to the Javanese language, the lyrics of contemporary Javanese songs are maintained to show their authenticity. there is the use of Indonesian. Based on linguistic units, the use of Indonesian can be analyzed from the aspects of phonology, morphology, and syntax. Regarding morphological aspects, this study will discuss reduplication. There are three stages of strategy that are passed in this research, namely the stage of data collection, data analysis, and exposure of the results of data analysis. Based on the results of the study, it was found that there were four reduplications in Indonesian in the lyrics of contemporary Javanese songs, namely basa-basi, cek-cok, kos-kosan, and sekonyong-konyong. The percentage of reduplication in Indonesian in contemporary Javanese song lyrics is 5.6%. Based on the form, there are two types of Indonesian language reduplication in contemporary Javanese song lyrics, namely repetition with a combination of adding affixes and repetition with phoneme changes. The function of reduplication in Indonesian in contemporary Javanese song lyrics is as a verb, noun, and adverbial. Meanwhile, in terms of meaning, it states ‘expressions used only for politeness’, ‘fights’, ‘boarding places’, and ‘suddenly’.</p> Zulisih Maryani Copyright (c) 2021 Epigram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/3928 Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700 MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERBICARA BAHASA INGGRIS SISWA SMP MENGGUNAKAN STRATEGI BERTANYA DAN METODE PPP PADA MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN WHATSAPP https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4142 <p>This research was conducted based on the problem of the difficulty faced by the English teachers in areas with low signal when teaching English speaking skills to students using smartphones during the covid 19 pandemic. The purpose of this study is to find out on how the teacher's questioning strategy can improve students' speaking skills through the PPP method when using Whatsapp application as a teaching aid during the pandemic. Data collection methods used are observation, test, questionnaire, and interview. In this study, researchers used mixed method research. This study uses data collection by using quantitative data supported by qualitative data. This study attempts to test the teacher's questioning strategy with PPP in an effort to improve students' English speaking skills. The results showed that during the pre-test the average score was 62.4 and the average the post-test score was 73.7. After practicing speaking using the PPP method, the students' speaking ability in English has increased which can be seen from the comparison between the pre-test and the post-test where the student's speaking ability assessment score increases up to 18%. In this study, a paired t-test was also employed to measure the significant improvement in students' English speaking skills with the result that the t-test score (2.806) was greater than the t-table (2.048) at a significance level of 0.05 and degrees of freedom (df) 14. (N-1 = 15-1) where N is the number of students, therefore the alternative hypothesis (H1) is accepted and the null hypothesis (Ho) is rejected. Based on the results of the comparison of students' scores on the pre-test and the post-test as well as observations made during the study using the interview and questionnaire method, it can be concluded that the teacher's questioning strategy combined with the use of the Present, Practice, Production (PPP) method can improve students' English speaking skills using WhatsApp during pandemic period</p> Ray Suryadi, Bimas Reskiawan Copyright (c) 2021 Epigram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4142 Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700 THE STUDENTS’ FAMILIARITY TOWARD ENGLISH PHRASAL VERBS: A CORPUS-BASED STUDY https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4138 <p>A phrasal verb is considered a challenging area for foreign language learners including those who learn English for specific purposes e.g English for tourism. However, to gain a good level of English, the students must learn phrasal verbs as they are commonly used by native English speakers. This study aimed to know the phrasal verb found in English for Tour and Travel Corpus (ETTC) and whether the students are familiar with the phrasal verbs found by differentiating them with prepositional verbs. The students’ familiarity was measured through a questionnaire and their ability to use them in speaking. ETTC was built from 100 articles related to Tour and Travel, and the annotation using CLAWS 7 was conducted to identify the phrasal verb found in the corpus. Then, the phrasal verbs were listed based on the lemma. Based on the result of the analysis, there are 172 multi-word verbs classified as phrasal verbs. The students who were expected to have already been familiar with them were not able to differentiate between phrasal verbs and prepositional verbs. More interestingly, they do not know all the meaning of phrasal verbs found in ETTC and the speaking test result also proved that using phrasal verbs still needed more effort as the students could not use them accurately. The result of this research can be preliminary data for further research, particularly in teaching and learning English for a specific purpose.</p> Andi Rizki Fauzi Copyright (c) 2021 Epigram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4138 Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700 POLA PEMBANGUNAN MAKNA IMAJINER PADA PUISI KONTEMPORER DI RUBRIK PUISI REPUBLIKA.CO.ID DAN RAHMA.ID https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4126 <p>Starting from the importance of literacy, various types of writing should be presented properly. However, the facts on the ground are not as they should be, there are still many writings that are not so creative and even seem monotonous. Not to mention when it comes to the works of poetry imagination. In addition, the writing technique is quite complicated and full of rules. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to find and describe the pattern of constructing imaginary meaning in contemporary poetry. The approach used is Rifatterre's semiotic concept. Through the hermeneutic analysis of contemporary poetry uploaded to the rubrics of Republika.co.id and rahma.id poetry, the results of the analysis of imaginary meaning patterns in poetry are obtained. Of the six poems analyzed, 54 patterns of displacing meaning quotes were found, 18 patterns of distorting meaning quotes, and 9 patterns of creating meaning quotes.</p> Eris Risnawati, Misbah Nursalim Copyright (c) 2021 Epigram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4126 Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700 DAMPAK SELF-ESTEEM TERHADAP PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING DIMEDIASI OLEH WORK-LIFE BALANCE https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4090 <p>This study was conducted in order to see the relationship among work-life balance, self-esteem, and psychological well-being at work, especially in bank sector where work pressure is intense. 150 questionnaires were distributed to staff at banks in Banda Aceh City, Indonesia. The data analysis was calculated using SPSS 20. The results indicate that self-esteem affects significantly psychological well-being, meanwhile work-life balance enhances partially the affects between self-esteem and psychological well-being.</p> Irma Suryani Copyright (c) 2021 Epigram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4090 Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700 A GUIDE TO TRANSLATING A RESEARCH-RELATING TERM https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/3825 <p>The ability to translate terms related to research is needed by the academic community: lecturers and students so that this ability needs to be understood and mastered. Therefore, this article describes guidelines for translating research-related terms. Research-related terms are specific terms used in research activities. The focus of the study in this article is a model that can be used as a guide in translating terms related to research. What is conveyed in this article is the results of research with a superior scheme of study programs carried out with a qualitative research approach with reference to the main data from the results of the translation of terms that are able to produce optimal translation quality and from the opinions of translation experts. The results of the study found that established equivalent, borrowing, and transposition were the most effective techniques that could be used to translate which were able to produce optimal translation quality.</p> Nur Hasyim Copyright (c) 2021 Epigram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/3825 Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700 Daftar Isi Epigram Vol. 18 No.2 2021 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4261 Editor Editor Copyright (c) 2021 Epigram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4261 Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700 Cover Epigram Vol.18 No.2 2021 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4260 Copyright (c) 2021 Epigram https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jurnal.pnj.ac.id/index.php/epigram/article/view/4260 Mon, 25 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -0700