Author Guidelines

General Author Guidelines

  1. The Manuscript should be written in English and have never been published or is not in the submission process for publication to other media and does not contain plagiarism elements.
  2. The Manuscript may take the form of research, case studies, or literary studies.
  3. The author should register as an author. The guides to register and submit the paper are shown at the end of this page.
  4. The Manuscript will be published in Applied Research on Civil Engineering and Environment after being reviewed by peer-reviewers.
  5. The Manuscript should be prepared according to the following author guidelines and Template. The manuscript template can be downloaded in menu.

 

Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

Structure of the manuscripts

  1. Title. The title should be short, clear, and informative but does not exceed ten words. It has to be pinpoint with the issues discussed. The article title does not contain any uncommon abbreviations. The main ideas should be written first and followed by their explanations.
  2. Author's names and institutions. The author's names should be accompanied by the author's institutions, institution's address, and email addresses, without any academic titles and job titles.
  3. Abstract. Abstracts are written in single paragraphs of about 300 words maximum. For research articles, abstracts should give a pertinent overview of the work. We strongly encourage authors to use the following style of structured abstracts, but without headings: (1) Background: Place the question addressed in a broad context and highlight the purpose of the study; (2) Purpose of the Study: Identify objective of the study; (3) Methods: Briefly describe the main methods or theoretical framework applied; (4) Results: Summarise the article's main findings, and (5) Conclusions: Indicate the main conclusions or interpretations.
  4. Keywords. List three to five pertinent keywords to the article; yet reasonably common within the subject discipline; use capitalized the first word; alphabetically and separately by a semicolon (;) between keywords; without full stop (.)
  5. Introduction. The introduction should briefly place the study in a broad context and highlight why it is essential. It should define the purpose of the work and its significance. The current state of the research field should be reviewed carefully and key publications cited. Please highlight controversial and diverging hypotheses when necessary. Finally, briefly mention the main aim of the work and highlight the principal conclusions.  It ia highly recommended to keep the introduction comprehensible to scientists outside of a particular field of research. References should be cited as (Nurwidyaningrum, 2018) or (Rosyidah et al., 2019) or (Hasan, 2016; Yanuarini & Setiawan, 2019; Khairas, 2019) or (Nurwidyaningrum & Hasan, 2009, p. 12) or (if narrative citation) Nurwidyaningrum (1989). See the end of the document for further details on references. Technical terms should be defined. Symbols, abbreviations, and acronyms should be defined since the first time they are used. All tables and figures should be cited in numerical orders. The research method should be included in the introduction. The method contains an explanation of the research approach, subjects of the study, the research, the use of materials and instruments, data collection, and analysis techniques.
  6. Results. The results obtained from the research have to be supported by sufficient data. The research results and the discovery should be the answers, or the research hypothesis previously mentioned in the introductory part. Discussion: The discussion is highlighted through the title and subtitles of the section when needed. The authors should discuss the results and how they are interpreted from previous studies and the working hypotheses. The findings and their implications should be discussed in the broadest context possible. Future research directions may also be highlighted. 

           The discussion should cover:

  • How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section (what/how)? 
  • Do you provide interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented (why)? 
  • Are author results consistent with what other investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences?
  1. Conclusion. The conclusion should answer the objectives of the research and researchfindings. The concluding remark should not contain only the repetition of the results and discussions or abstract. The author also is also recommended to suggest further research.
  2. Acknowledgments. In this section, the author can acknowledge any support given, which is not covered by the author's contribution or funding sections. This section may include administrative and technical support or donations (e.g., materials used for experiments).
  3. Conflicts of Interest. Declare conflicts of interest or statement, "The authors declare no conflict of interest." Authors should identify and declare any personal circumstances or interests that may be perceived as inappropriately influence the representation or interpretation of research results.
  4. References. The references are required at least ten references and publications for the last ten years. The literature listed in the References should only  contains the reference included in the article. It is recommended to use a bibliography software package, such as Mendeley, to avoid typing mistakes and duplicated references. Referral sources should provide 80% of journal articles, proceedings, or research results from the last ten years and the minimum number of references is 12 sources. Writing techniques bibliography, using the system cites APA (American Psychological Association) Style and the 7th edition.
  5. Appendix. Attachments can contain table data, figures, diagrams, or other supporting data used in research. Tables, figures, and diagrams in the appendix should be of high resolution. Tables should not be in the form of pictures or screenshots.